New Delhi, the 24th December, 2001
S.O. 1256 (E) - Whereas the
draft Animal Birth Control (Dogs) Rules, 2001 were published, as required
under the sub-section (1) of section 38 of the Prevention of Cruelty to
Animals Act, 1960 (59 of 1960), vide Ministry of Culture notification number
G.S.R.816(E) dated November 2, 2001 in the Gazette of India, Extraordinary,
Part 11, Section 3, sub-section (i) dated November 2, 2001 and whereas
objections and suggestions from all persons likely to be affected thereby
were invited before the expiry of 30 days from the date on which copies of
the gazette containing the said notification have been made available to the
And whereas copies of the said
Gazette were made available to the public on November 2, 2001;
And whereas the objections/suggestions received from the public have been
incorporated in the rules.
Now, therefore, in exercise of the powers conferred by the sub-sections (1)
(2) of section 38 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 (59 of
1960), the Central Government hereby makes the following rules, namely:
1. Short title and
commencement : (1) These rules may be called the Animal Birth Control
(Dogs) Rules, 2001.
(2) They shall come into force on the date of their final publication in the
2. Definition : In these rules, unless the context otherwise
(a) "Act" means the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960.
(b) "Animal Welfare
Organisation" means and includes the Society for Prevention of Cruelty to
Animals and any other welfare organization for animals which is registered
under the Societies Registration Act of 1860 (21 of 1860) or any other
corresponding law for the time being in force and which is recognized by the
Animal Welfare Board of India
(c) "Board" means the Animal Welfare Board of India, established under
section 4 and as reconstituted under Section 5A of the Act;
(d) "Committee" means a committee appointed under these rules
(e) "local authority" means a municipal committee, district board or other
authority for the time being invested by law with the control and
administration of any matters within a specified local area;
(f) "owner" means the owner of an animal and includes any other person in
possession or custody of such animal whether with or without the consent of
(g) "Veterinary doctor" means a person who holds a degree of a recognized
veterinary college and is registered with the Indian Veterinary Council.
3. Classification of dogs
and their Sterilization : (1) All dogs shall be classified in one of the
following two categories (i) pet dogs, (ii) street dogs.
(2) The owner of pet dogs shall be responsible for the controlled breeding,
immunization, sterlization and licensing in accordance with these rules and
the law for the time being in force within a specified local area.
(3) The street dogs shall be sterilized and immunized by participation of
animal welfare organizations, private individuals and the local authority.
4. Formation of Committtee
: A monitoring committee consisting of the following persons shall be
constituted by the local authority namely
(a) Commissioner/Chief of the local authority, who shall be the ex-officio
Chairman of the Committee.
(b) A representative of the Public Health Department of the local authority.
(c) A representative of the Animal Welfare Department if any of the local
(d) A veterinary doctor
(e) A representative of the district Society for Prevention of Cruelty to
(f) At least two representatives from the Animal Welfare Organizations
operating within the said local authority.
5. Functions of the
Committee : The committee constituted under rule 4 shall be responsible
for planning and management of dog control programme in accordance with
these rules. The committee may:
(a) issue instructions for catching, transportation, sheltering,
sterilisation, vaccination, treatment and release of sterilized vaccinated
or treated dogs.
(b) authorize veterinary doctor to decide on case to case basis the need to
put to sleep critically ill or fatally injured or rabid dogs in a painless
method by using sodium pentathol. Any other method is strictly prohibited.
(c) create public awareness, solicit co-operation and funding.
(d) provide guidelines to pet dog owners and commercial breeders from time
(e) get a survey done of the number of street dogs by an independent agency.
(f) take such steps for monitoring the dog bite cases to ascertain the
reasons of dog bite, the area where it took place and whether it was from a
stray or a pet dog.
(g) Keep a watch on the national and international development in the field
of research pertaining to street dogs' control and management, development
of vaccines and cost effective methods of sterilization, vaccination, etc.
6. Obligations of the local
(1) The local authority shall provide for
(a) establishment of a sufficient number of dogs pounds including animal
kennels/shelters which may be managed by animal welfare organizations;
(b) requisite number of dog vans with ramps for the capture and
transportation of street dogs;
(c) one driver and two trained dog catchers to be provided for each dog van;
(d) an ambulance cum clinical van to be provided as mobile center for
sterilisation and immunization;
(e) incinerators to be installed by the local authority for disposal of
(f) periodic repair of shelter or pound.
(2) If the Municipal Corporation or the local authority thinks it expedient
to control street dog population, it shall be incumbent upon them to
sterilize and immunize street Dogs with the participation of animal welfare
organizations, private individuals and the local authority.
(3) The animal welfare organizations shall be reimbursed the expenses of
sterilization/immunization at a rate to be fixed by the Committee on
fortnightly basis based on the number of sterilization/ immunization done.
Capturing/sterilization/immunization/release : (1) Capturing of dogs
shall be based on:
(a) Specific complaints (for which the local authority in consultation with
the Monitoring Committee shall set up a dog control cell to receive
complaints about dog nuisance, dog bites and information about rabid dogs)
(b) General :
(i) On receipt of specific complaint about nuisance or dog bite the same
shall be attended on priority basis, irrespective of the area from which the
complaint comes. On receipt of such complaint the details such as name of
the complainant, his complete address, date and time of complaint, nature of
complaint etc. shall be recorded in a register to be maintained for
(ii) Capturing for general purpose will be on such dates and time to be
specified by the Committee.
2. The dog capturing squad shall consist of
(i) The driver of the dog van
(ii) Two or more trained employees of the local authority who are trained in
capturing of dogs.
(iii) One representative of any of the animal welfare organization
Each member of the dog squad shall carry, a valid identity card issued by
the local authority. The dog capturing squad will be accompanied by a
representative of an Animal Welfare Organisation nominated for the purpose.
(3) On receipt of specific
complaint or for capturing dogs in normal course the dog squad will visit
the concerned area, capture the dogs identified by the complaint in case of
complaint oriented capturing and other dogs in case of general capturing.
All the dogs caught will be tagged for identification purposes and to ensure
that the dogs are released in the same area after sterilization and
vaccination. Only stipulated number of dogs, according to the Animal Birth
Control Program target, shall be caught by the van. A record of dogs
captured shall be maintained in a register, mentioning therein the name of
the area/locality, date and time of capture, names of persons in the dogs
squad on that particular day and details about dogs captured such as number
of male dogs, number of female dogs, number of puppies etc.
(4) The dogs shall be captured
by using humane methods such as lassoing or soft-loop animal catchers such
as those prescribed under the provisions of Prevention of Cruelty (Capture
of Animals) Rules, 1979.