animals birth control rules (Continued)
(5) While the dogs are being
captured in any locality the representative of the local authority or of the
animal welfare organization accompanying the dog squad will make
announcements on a public address system that dogs are being captured from
the area for the purpose of sterilization and immunization and will be
released in the same area after sterilization and immunization. The
announcement may also briefly educate the residents of the area about the
dog control programme and solicit the support of all the residents
reassuring them that the local authority is taking adequate steps for their
(6) The captured dogs shall be
brought to the dog kennels/dog pounds managed by the Animal Welfare
Organisations (AWOs). On reaching the dog pounds all the dogs shall be
examined by the veterinarians and healthy and sick dogs should be
segregated. Sick dogs should be given proper treatment in the hospitals run
by Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA)/other institutions
and only after they are treated they should be sterilized and vaccinated.
The dogs will be sterilized/vacci noted under the supervision of the
veterinarians of the hospital run by the Society for Prevention of Cruelty
to Animals (SPCA), Animal Welfare Organization or other dog shelters. After
necessary period of follow up, the dogs shall be released at the same place
or locality from where they were captured and the date, time and place of
their release shall be recorded. The representative of Animal Welfare
Organisations (AWOs) shall accompany the dog squad at the time of release
(7) At a time only one lot of
dogs shall be brought for sterilization, immunization at one dog kennel or
dog pound and these dogs shall be from one locality. Two lots from different
areas or localities shall not be mixed at the same dog pound or dog kennel.
(8) The dog kennel must have sufficient space for proper housing and free
movement of dogs. The place should have proper ventilation and natural
lighting and must be kept clean. Adults and puppies must be housed
separately and amongst the adults the males and females also should be
housed separately. Adequate arrangement for drinking water and food shall be
made for dogs while in captivity.
(9) Female dogs found to be pregnant shall not undergo abortion
(irrespective of stage of pregnancy) and sterilization and should be
released till they have litter.
8. Identification and
Recording : Sterilized dogs shall be vaccinated before release and the
ears of these dogs should either be clipped and/ or tatooed for being
identified as sterilized or immunised dogs. In addition, the dogs may be
given token or nylon collars for identification and detailed records of such
dogs shall be maintained. Branding of dogs would not be permitted.
9. Euthanasia of Street Dogs : Incurably ill and mortally wounded
dogs as diagnosed by a qualified veterinarian appointed by the committee
shall be euthanised during specified hours in a humane manner by
administering sodium pentathol for adult dogs and Thiopental Introperitoneal
for puppies by a qualified veterinarian or euthanised in any other humane
manner approved by Animal Welfare Board of India. No dog shall be euthanised
in the presence of another dog. The person responsible for euthanising shall
make sure that the animal is dead, before_ disposal.
10. Furious or dumb rabid
dogs : (1) On the receipt of complaints from the public to the Dog
Control Cell of the Local Authority or on its own, the dog squad of the
Local Authority would catch such dogs, suspected to be rabid.
(2) The caught dog would then be taken to the pound where it would be
isolated in an isolation ward.
(3) The suspected rabid dog would then be subjected to inspection by a panel
of two persons i.e.
(i) a veterinary surgeon appointed by the Local Authority and
(ii)a representative from an Animal Welfare Organisation
(4) If the dog is found to have a high probability of having rabies it would
be isolated till it dies a natural death. Death normally occurs within 10
days of contracting rabies. Premature killings of suspected rabid dogs
therefore prevents the true incidence of rabies from being known and
appropriate action being taken.
(5) If the dog is found not to have rabies but some other disease it would
be handed over to the AWOs who will take the necessary action to cure and
rehabilitate the dog.
11. Disposal of Carcasses :
The carcasses of such euthanised dogs shall be disposed of in an incinerator
to be provided by the local authority.
12. Guidelines for breeders
(i) A breeder must be registered with Animal Welfare Board of India.
(ii) Breeder must maintain full record of the number of pups born/died from
(iii) Breeder must maintain record of the person buying the pups. He should
ensure that the buyer has the required knowledge for the upkeep of the pups.
13. Application of rules
where local bye-laws etc., exist - If there is in force in any area to
which these rules extend, any Act , rule, regulation or bye-low made under
any law for the time being in force by the State or the Local Authority in
respect of any of the matters for which provision is made in these rules,
such rule, regulation or bye-law shall to the extent to which
(a) it contains provisions less irksome to the animal than those contained
in these rules, shall prevail;
(b) it contains provisions more irksome to the animal than those contained
in these rules, be of no effect.
KASHRIVASTAVA, R Secry