NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF TETHERING
door, not your dog. Tethering can be more harmful to
your beloved pet, than you think. It is also cruel.
Tying or chaining a dog (a
fixed-point tether) is the WORST way to restrain it for
Tethering contributes strongly and directly to
aggression and increases the danger to humans and animals that
encounter the tied dog.
It exposes the dog to deliberate and inadvertent
It triggers a built-in thigmotaxic (opposition reflex)
response to lunge toward stimuli.
It introduces the pain or discomfort of the restraint
into any interaction. Both are common motives for aggression
on their own; added to perceived threats and thigmotaxis, they
It reduces the dog's territory to a minuscule size,
thereby concentrating pack, den, object and food protectivity.
It induces aberrational behavior such as having to eat,
sleep and eliminate in close proximity.
It exacerbates defensive aggression by preventing
escape but offering no protection from actual or perceived
It reinforces aggression because passersby "flee" when
the dog lunges at them, thereby rewarding the lunge.
It increases the dog's stress by exposing it to
powerful antagonistic responses from passersby.
It jeopardizes the dog's welfare by exposure to
attacks, accidents, direct and indirect poisoning, sick
Preferable options: Have the
dog indoors, fence the property, or provide a run or kennel.
If alternatives cannot be implemented, a species other than
canine is indicated as a pet.
Copyright 1991 Dennis Fetko/Drdog.com. Printed with
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